Biomarkers of flavonoid consumption for the evaluation of dietary burden

by Emma Copeland

Written in English
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Edition Notes

StatementEmma Copeland.
ContributionsUniversity of Surrey. School of Biological Sciences.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16445162M

Fruit and vegetable intake has been associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Quercetin and kaempferol are among the most ubiquitous polyphenols in fruit and vegetables. Most of the quercetin and kaempferol in plants is attached to sugar moieties rather than in the free form. The types and attachments of sugars impact bioavailability, and thus by: 5.   To ascertain long‐term diet, we averaged dietary variables from through the initial cognitive interview. Using multivariate‐adjusted, mixed linear regression, we estimated mean differences in slopes of cognitive decline by long‐term berry and flavonoid by: Dietary flavonoid intake was estimated using daily food consumption data (based on the single hour recall method) and the flavonoid content in foods consumed by the participants. The own dietary database [ 11, 12 ] of the total antioxidant capacity of foods, determined using the FRAP assay, was used to calculate daily antioxidant capacity Cited by: Clinical Study Effects of Dietary Strawberry Supplementation on Antioxidant Biomarkers in Obese Adults with Above Optimal Serum Lipids ArpitaBasu, 1 StacyMorris, 1 AngelNguyen, 1 , 1 DongxuFu, 2 2,3 Department of Nutritional Sciences, College of Human Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USACited by: 5.

Dietary patterns and food availability differ greatly between regions and countries around the world. As a result, there is a large variability in the intake of total flavonoids and flavonoid subclasses, and subsequently in their major food sources. However, we need to be aware of certain methodological issues when we compare studies on flavonoid by: 1.   Flavonoids, a broad category of nonnutrient food components, are potential protective dietary factors in the etiology of some cancers. However, previous epidemiological studies showing associations between flavonoid intake and cancer risk have used unvalidated intake assessment methods. A item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) based on usual Cited by: 7. Won O. Song, Ock K. Chun. Tea consumption is major sources of flavanol and flavonol in US diet. J Nutr (8): SS, Book Chapters (since Fall) Jun Sakaki, Melissa M. Melough, Sang Gil Lee, George Pounis, Ock K. Chun. Chapter Polyphenol-rich Diets in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention. In Analysis in Nutrition Research. Atherosclerosis is a chronic low-grade inflammatory disease that affects large and medium-sized arteries and is considered to be a major underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The high risk of mortality by atherosclerosis has led to the development of new strategies for disease prevention and management, including immunonutrition. Plant-based dietary patterns, Cited by: 7.

Flavonoid intake and cardiovascular disease mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults1–4 Flavonoid consumption was associated with lower have enabled more in-depth evaluation of the role of these dietary constituents in chronic disease prevention. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables can represent an easy strategy to significantly reduce the incidence of cancer. We recently demonstrated that the flavonoid quercetin, naturally present in the diet and belonging to the class of phytochemicals, is able to sensitize several leukemia cell lines and B cells isolated from patients affected by chronic lymphocytic leukemia Cited by: dietary intervention for 6 weeks with either the high flavonoid diet or low flavonoid diet quintile of anthocyanin consumption and the lowest quintile of anthocyanin consumption. The effects of flavonoid-rich diets on risk factors for CVD continues to be of keen There are many traditional risk factors and biomarkers that predict the Cited by: 2.   Background: Epidemiologic studies have shown that dietary flavonoids reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Onion is rich in quercetin, a strong antioxidant flavonoid. In some in vitro studies, quercetin improved endothelial function associated with atherosclerosis, a leading cause of cardiovascular events. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether Cited by:

Biomarkers of flavonoid consumption for the evaluation of dietary burden by Emma Copeland Download PDF EPUB FB2

Flavonoid/energy density. Dietary total and individual flavonoid intakes were assessed by daily total intake and energy adjusted intake to address the quantity as well as quality of diet.

Dietary flavonoid density of U.S. adults and their sociodemographic subgroups was obtained after adjusting total flavonoid intake per kJ ( kcal).Cited by: The lack of biomarkers of flavonoid intake is another problem. Although work is continuing and consensus is developing on the best candidates, at present there are no agreed upon biomarkers of intake for all the various flavonoid classes, owing in part to the interindividual variation in the metabolism of flavonoid compounds.

95, Cited by:   The present study aims to investigate the dose dependent effects of consuming diets enriched in flavonoid-rich and flavonoid-poor fruits and vegetables on the urine metabolome of adults who had a ≥ fold increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

A single-blind, dose-dependent, parallel randomized controlled dietary intervention was conducted where Cited by:   Our FFQ has not been specifically validated for the intake of flavonoid subclasses, but in a recent study, the sum of 7 flavonoid biomarkers measured in h urine samples was correlated with intakes of fruit and vegetables (–), correlations of a similar magnitude to our validation by:   Biomarkers for exposure to dietary flavonoids: a review of the current evidence for identification of quercetin glycosides in plasma - Volume 86 Issue S1 - A.

Day, G. WilliamsonCited by:   Within- and between-person variation in nutrient intake is well established, but little is known about variability in dietary flavonoid intake, including the effect of seasonality.

Within- and between-individual variability of flavonoid intake, and intake of flavonoid subclasses was examined in older adults (n = 79; mean age y (range: 60yy)), using three separate 4 Cited by: 3.

Further information on dietary Biomarkers of flavonoid consumption for the evaluation of dietary burden book of flavonoids can be obtained from the US Department of Agriculture flavonoid database. Parsley.

Parsley, both fresh and dried, contains flavones. Blueberries. Blueberries are a dietary source of anthocyanidins.

Black tea. Black tea is a rich source of dietary flavanols. Citrus. An estimation of the total flavonoid intake is difficult, because only limited data on contents of foods are available. We determined flavonols and flavones of vegetables, fruits and beverages commonly consumed in The Netherlands (Hertog et al.,Hertog et al., b).With these data we were able to calculate the intake of flavonols and flavones in The Netherlands (Hertog Cited by: Objective: (1) Determine the relationship between dietary flavonoid-rich fruit and vegetable consumption on diabetes-related biomarkers (e.g., HgbA1c) and diabetic retinopathy.

Biomarkers of dietary intake of flavonoids and phenolic acids for studying diet-cancer relationship in humans Article Literature Review in European Journal of Nutrition 47 Suppl 2(S2) Consumption of a flavonoid-rich açai meal is associated with acute improvements in vascular function and a reduction in total oxidative status in healthy overweight men.

Alqurashi RM(1), Galante LA(1), Rowland IR(1), Spencer JP(1), Commane DM(2).Cited by: Purpose Limited robust randomised controlled trials investigating fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in people at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) exist.

We aimed to design and validate a dietary strategy of increasing flavonoid-rich versus flavonoid-poor F&V consumption on nutrient biomarker profile. Methods A parallel, randomised, controlled, dose–response dietary. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA.

Mandal, Ananya. (, February 26). Dietary Flavonoids. Several epidemiological studies have investigated the association between dietary flavonoid intake and digestive tract cancers risk; however, the results remain inconclusive. The aim of our study Cited by:   Dietary flavonoid intake and colorectal cancer: a case–control study - Volume Issue 3 - Janet A.

Kyle, Linda Sharp, Julian Little, Garry G. Duthie, Geraldine McNeillCited by: The present study aims to investigate the dose dependent effects of consuming diets enriched in flavonoid-rich and flavonoid-poor fruits and vegetables on the urine metabolome of adults who had a C fold increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

A single-blind, dose-dependent, parallel randomized controlled dietary intervention was conducted where volunteers (n = ) were. The characteristics of the study participants across tertiles categories of total flavonoid intake are shown in Table duals in the highest tertile of flavonoid consumption had significantly higher total energy intake, total body fat, and waist circumference than those in the lowest tertile (P ≤ ).Dietary intakes of fruit and vegetables and antioxidant vitamins did not Cited by: 9.

Limited robust randomised controlled trials investigating fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake in people at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) exist. We aimed to design and validate a dietary strategy of increasing flavonoid-rich versus flavonoid-poor F&V consumption on nutrient biomarker profile.

A parallel, randomised, controlled, dose–response dietary intervention : J. Lovegrove, Hugh Sinclair, M. Chong, T. George, D. Alimbetov, Y. Jin, M.

Weech, A. Mac. development of a database on the flavonoid content of selected foods. The objective of this project was to collect, evaluate and compile a table of published flavonoid values for foods, to identify gaps in data and to set priorities for new research, including the development of new analytical methods.

USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods Release Prepared by Seema Bhagwat, David B. Haytowitz, and Joanne M. Holden (ret.) Nutrient Data Laboratory Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center Agricultural Research Service U.S. Department of Agriculture December U.S.

Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Development and In Vitro Evaluation of an Innovative “Dietary Flavonoid Supplement” on Osteoarthritis Process Maria Rosaria Lauro, 1 Lucia Crascí, 2 Francesca Sansone, 1 Venera Cardile, 3 Anna Maria Panico, 2 and Giovanni Puglisi 2Cited by: 4.

The database is a useful tool for flavonoid intake and health outcome studies for any population globally. It contains data for 29 individual flavonoid compounds in six subclasses of flavonoids for every food in a subset of 2, food items which provide the basis for the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS ).

Flavonoids comprise the most common group of plant polyphenols and provide much of the flavor and color to fruits and vegetables. More than different flavonoids have been described. The six major subclasses of flavonoids include the flavones (e.g., apigenin, luteolin), flavonols (e.g., quercetin, myricetin), flavanones (e.g., naringenin, hesperidin), catechins or flavanols (e.g Cited by: The expectation is that children will increase consumption of a wide variety of fruits & vegetables as a result of the interventions, which will be reflected in increased levels of blood carotenoids & flavonoids.

2)Determine the metabolic effects of consuming phytochemical-rich foods on traditional biomarkers of health & cardiovascular risk. Cermak R. Effect of dietary flavonoids on pathways involved in drug metabolism. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol ; Chun OK, Chung SJ, Song WO.

Estimated dietary flavonoid intake and major food sources of U.S. adults. J Nutr ; Del Bo C, Riso P, Campolo J, et al. In the United States, mean flavanol intake was mg/day, estimated from the USDA Flavonoid Database and 24 h dietary recalls from NHANES – In the EPIC study, average total flavanol intake ranged from mg/day (Greece) to mg/day (UK), an estimation also based on h recall, but considering a larger database (the USDA Cited by: effects of flavonoid consumption for the development of dementia (7, 19, 23), including consumption of flavonoid rich fruits and vegetables, juices and wine (24, 25).

However, it is also important to investigate the relationship between flavonoid consumption in older adults living with dementia and cognitive performance by: 1. dietary consumption patterns has been established [42]. Seasonality has been shown to influence nutrient [43] and antioxidant [44] intakes, and may influence food availability [45].

However, the effect of seasonality on dietary flavonoid intake has not yet been adequately in-vestigated. Given that fruits and vegetables are major.

The cardio-protective effects of flavonoids are still controversial; many studies referred to the benefits of specific foods, such as soy, cocoa, tea. A population-based cohort of middle-aged adults, coming from a semi-rural area where the consumption of those foods is almost negligible, was studied.

The primary objective was establishing if flavonoid intake was Cited by: with flavonoid-rich foods 1–4. The most famous so-called French paradox, the lack of a positive correlation between a high intake of saturated fat and the occurrence of coronary heart disease is related at least partly to the consumption of red wine 7.

Dietary Flavonoid Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women Laura Yochum,1 Lawrence H. Kushi,1 Katie Meyer,2 and Aaron R. Folsom1 Flavonoids, a group of phenolic compounds found in fruits and vegetables, are known to have antioxidant properties.Dietary factors are recognized as having a significant effect on the risk of cancers, with different dietary elements both increasing and reducing and obesity may be related to up to % of cancer deaths, while physical inactivity appears to be related to 7% risk of cancer occurrence.

One review in suggested that total caloric intake influences cancer incidence .Food Chemistry 61 (), pp. PhD title: Biomarkers of Flavonoid Consumption for the Evaluation of Dietary Burden. Supervisors: Professor Title: Dietitian.